Selasa, 13 September 2011

Speech Organization


Create Your Stories!
Debating is not only about how you tell your arguments and throwing supports. You have to organize it to make others could easily understand your cases. You have to make it a systematic presentation of the cases. Study the construction of this house. What is the resolution? How many points are there?

Know-How: Sign-Posting
In debate, reasons are usually given names to make it easy for debaters to refer to, and for judges to remember. These names are called signpost. A signpost should be short and easy to be remembered. For example:
Soccer is a better sport than baseball
1.       The first point is about simplicity. Soccer is much easier than baseball. Baseball rules takes hour to explain, and you need bat, glove and baseball diamonds to play. Soccer rules are easy, and all you need is only ball and field.
2.       Secondly, about excitement. Soccer is more exciting than baseball. In baseball, 90% of the time the players are just standing around waiting. Soccer has action all the time.
3.       Lastly, about cost. Soccer tickets are much cheaper than baseball tickets. In this city, the price of a ticket to watch a baseball games are 3 times more expensive than the tickets of soccer game.

Know-How: Macro and Micro Organization
In delivering arguments, there are 3 main parts:
Introduction, to introduce the background of your opinion, the points, your arguments and support, lastly, conclusion, the closing of your speech.

DEBATE APPLICATION: Public Speaking Flow
Debate and Public Speaking are identical. Both of them have the same purpose, to convince the audiences (and adjudicators)!
It is really important to make people float off your flow of speech.
Here are several tips of it:
  •       Tidiness and Structure

No, this is not about keeping your boarding house’s room tidy. This is about how being tidy and structured HELPS, like hell, A LOT.
This is a very basic matter, I believe, but everyone keeps on forgetting it for the sake of better logic and argumentation. What I meant by being tidy as a speaker is that you make sure that every argument that you throw out is all ordered, listed, numbered, or whatever your way of making it more understandable for the adjudicators.
A tidiness would lead to an easy-to-follow manner. Now you couldn't really blame those adjudicators for giving her a very high score, right? Lots of adjudicators are really concerned about this, since they don't only listen to you but to the other speakers, making their job in assessing logic hard enough without the additional burden of having to clear up the messy order of your speech. Make your speech flow, not jump, from one point to another..

  •        Truism

Now I know I might get some funny responses when said, "Be truistic", but believe it or not this is what best speakers did. Often as the government, setting things up so it really favors you is not exactly a bad idea after all.
For example, when we are talking about banning cell phones, surely, this is not an easy motion for a government, you can start by saying something BIG, GENERAL and BOLD first, which can not be refutable, “how basically cell phones are the source of violations (e.g: cheating students, porns even when-driving-usage)” now this is actually very philosophy, and further more this thing is almost unrefutable. This called basic premises, an unrebuttable premise which would support your arguments, even it is so controversial to the max!

  • Delivery

This might sound really-really simple but believe me it separates good debaters from great debaters. These people speak with conviction, as if their lives are at stake in fact. Aside from the conviction, they're also flawless in terms of fluency, so none of that "Umm..." or "Err..." anymore. This actually relates back to the first point, in how they have structured their speech in a way that they know exactly what to say and in what order, automatically preventing stuttering from happening. One example of this is how Ateneo practices debate; they practice a motion by first discussing over it, which means they actually already know what exactly the opposing side is going to bring when they debate. This is where they practice delivery and conviction. Flawlessness makes you look cool, but more importantly it makes adjudicators see that you know what you're talking about.



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