Kamis, 08 September 2011

Deputy's Duty

A deputy should....
  • Actively participates in helping his/her 1st speaker. 
  • Willingly gives up argument that he/she though of. 
  • Does not give a damn about speaker tab.
  • Has faith in the inexhaustibility of arguments for a given debate. 
Deputies are like SPICE GIRLS

If a previous speaker spent a great deal of time asking for something, GIVE IT TO THEM.
Ex. “They never proved political will.”-previous speaker
THEN, prove political will
Danger: make sure it doesn’t look like you’re covering for the deficiencies of your first speaker. Make it seem as if you are giving the next, natural part of the case.
Deputies General Strategies

Example: TH supports the federalization of Iraq
  • If the opponents give a case that deals with both political and economic implications, respond with a case that deals with both.
  • If their complaint is something like, “they have to show us that local governments have the capability to raise money by themselves in a federalized state,” make sure YOU ANSWER THAT CHALLENGE
  • Come up with relevant arguments
    • Common sickness of 2nd speakers: just coming up with peripheral arguments (“fringe benefits case”)
  • “But I did not shoot the deputy”
    • Deputies are oftentimes ignored by other debaters.
    • Prove the importance of anything you say. Why are you relevant? Why should the adjudicator remember this point?
Being Intuitive

  • Because response speakers often think “out of the box,” there is a propensity to give arguments that sound logical, but do not translate well to real life nuances.
  • What is logical is not always a valid argument.
  • Work with the REAL world
Example of Un-Intuitive Arguments

  • THBT the first world should support outsourcing
  • “Outsourcing is still beneficial for first world countries because now that third world countries do the ‘dirty jobs,’ laborers from the first world can focus on the burgeoning IT industries.”
  •      This sounds LOGICAL, but it is not realistic. Can a carpenter or assembly-line worker from Montana really learn how to program Linux or network computers? Maybe they can, but it will take 5 years, willingness to learn, access to instructional institutions, and the like. Work with the REAL WORLD.

 Second Speaker Swiss-Knife

  • Swiss knife: Handy arguments that, while they might not always work, at least give you something to say 
  1. 1.The message argument - what a certain policy implies to the int'l community/marginalized sectors
  2. 2.The balance argument - make sure its doesn’t parrot; it should be but heavily comparative between models 
  3. 3.The "new context" argument to break ties - argue post 9/11 scenario, the Lisbon agenda/info revolution, Greater societal tolerance or Post-modernity (for race/gender debates)
  4. 4.Analyzing new actors – Who else is involved? Prove why this other actor is important as well.
  5. 5.Establishing normative values and showing how your policy fulfills this 
  6. 6.On the ground analysis – “THIS is what happens in the real world.” 
  7. 7.Meta-argument: arguing for the argument
The End of Swiss Knife... Cheers. Signing off

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