Selasa, 27 September 2011

First Assignment

Tonight when I realize that I should finished this task, I still enjoying my golden time in a forum, used to be nations scale, but I don’t know why the other one still more crowded than here. Tonight I was resting my body, since Resty, Sisca and I were going to Ancol, for the free ticket. Yeah, today was a tough day, but that was fun, and we really enjoy about it.
The purpose that I am writing here is to complete my English Savvy’s task. I don’t know where to start, but I tried to use the guideline. First is about myself. Even though I am little bit lazy to bring this up again, but I tried my best. But before we are going to the main point, I want to emphasize to you, reader, or you might be my lecturer, I won’t make a point like using dash or bullet or something to let you know what point that you read.
My name is Annisa Safanta. Totally a woman, a girl perhaps, since I’m not mature enough. Was born on October, 26th 1992, and for sure it was on 1.45 a.m. A little chat about this, I love to be a scorpion. Because I am a simple one, as in you won’t effort something if you want to know about my expression.  Some people said that I was hard to be guess, like my friend said when I already presented my presentation. He said that “Nisa, I want to spend more time with you, I guess you’re unique” Anyway, talking about him, I admitted that I give my respect to him. Since our first meeting, he made me melted in anyway. I still remember it clearly, when he came from the door, and asked me while he walking to his position, “Are you Nisa right?” and yeah. That’s cool.
For further information, I am the first child, and I only have one brother, and we’re going to be same season, as in we are growth together and he’s not that kid, like now he’s on his last year in high school. His name is Anggi. Yeah, we are A, both of us.
No further for him, since it should be me right? I am a debater, even if my skill is not that good, but I still love debating. And my last tourney was Joved, as an adjudicator. But, sadly, I’m not that great, I didn’t get any promotion, so I still trainee adjudicator.
Recently I love hanging around forum, I don’t know why, but it is good to be around them. And also, when I make it, I am still lurking in the web. Since there’s no limitation in to the passage, I would tell you something that happen today and that made me quite sad, and made me feel like I wanna jump from the rooftop.
When I was enjoying at forum, randomly I checked twitter by third apps, Tweetdeck. One of my friend mentioned me and said this, “how about hanging around with A, B, and C, and E also, hes already in Jakarta” Then, without any offense I replied this “And D also.” And he replied with a statement “If D in, am out” This is the starter, the thing that made me want to cry also.
A little war just begun, and the things came when D message me in messenger, full with words, like he want this that and so on. The problem was easy, let called my friend is F. So, D was angry with F, but I was unlucky, he’s angry to me also. I tried to calm him down, and I tried to talk nicely to him, but he’s not responding as well. For sure, I am really confused about that.
That’s one of the journeys. As a friend I really want them, not them, but me, made a good relationship to them, not like this, hampering each other. And, I can say that this is not the very first time to me to face this problem. I’ve got experience about this also, and worse than this.
And talking about experience, I think that I’ve attached that somewhere in the letter. I am a debater, and I might share about my experience of being a committee in a prestigious event that we ever made, called The 2011 Southeast Asian English Olympics.
I was in Event Department, we were the one that made the concepts, and etcetera.  First I was signed to Social Awareness, and MURI breaking. But since we canceled the breaking, so I was moved to ceremonies. Opening, closing and etcetera. At the very first time, my friend and I were thought that being event folks is not that hard, since when the others tried to search fund, judges and etcetera, we just making concept. But the fact is, on the day, we are in hurry like hurricane came to us.
Did you realize that I never talked about college here, and yeah, I admitted it that my score, or GPA is not that good, can’t reach 3, very poor. But am not sad at all, because I believe I can, because later on, I will use the material, so why I’ve to get a high score anyway? At last I will be their friends. What a shame of me. I don’t know why, It can be referred to high school, I didn’t care as well.
This letter, or assignment, or whatever you will call it, would be nice if I put a love powder here. What’s love powder? You can laugh at it later, but firstly, I want you to read it carefully.
I ever got crushed in to a guy, from Industrial Engineering major, he was handsome, and not to be frank, he’s quite different with the others. And a few days more, he’ll have his birthday. And, we were met each other by our student organization, and this is will take a lot of papers if I started it from the beginning.
When we were having an outing program to Tidung, that time He and I were a friend, a good friend. Till I put our picture, yeah, the picture that consist of him, and me also. Since that day I never talked with him again, and yeah. I don’t know how to start it again, become a friend.
From the case above, that was clear that I expect that I want to get a good score, and also I want to be his friend again, without bring any guilty feeling. And also, I want more development in my career of debate, and also I want see English Savvy more good than ever, the experience that I got, It is not bring any harm if we are not pay attention to the class, because at the end we are determined by score of Toefl.
There is a lot of things that I expected to be done, but at the end I just write some word that proper to be brought here, and well, yeah I am shameless. But that is humanity right? Expect things that they want.
Why this is full of English? Basically it because of the task given by the lecturer, he asked the student to do this. And the last point is about why we should learn English or the reason, or anything that related to English.
Basically I love English since 4th Grade on Elementary, and I am taking more advance in course, so I used to be fluent, but I don’t know, I just love writing in English, just that, I can communicate, I mean discussion with English, but I rarely using that, even though that was in meeting or something that related to English. As long as we are in Indonesia, and making friend with Indonesian people, I believe we would not break anything, because using mother language is easier than using foreign language.
This is more than 1300 words, meaning that It already meet the requirement, which are 400 words. So, by this I closed today’s session. So this is, debatabase’s Nisa assignment version.
Signing off, see you another chances, keep moving forward!

Selasa, 13 September 2011

Parliamentary Debate

Debate has their own format. Each format, or we call parliament, has their own characteristic such as number of people debating and number of team involved. There are 3 commonly-used debating format in indonesia, they are Asian Parliamentary and British Parliamentary. Other formats that is not frequently used are Australasian Parliamentary, Crossfire and American Parliamentary. Let’s discuss them in this chapter:

Asian Parliamentary
In Asian Parliamentary format, there are two teams debating: Affirmative, or Government—supporting the motion, and Negative, or Opposition—opposing the motion. The first speaker comes from the affirmative team, followed by the negative, until the 3rd speaker. These six speeches are called substantial speeches, 7 minutes each. After the last speaker from the negative team spoke, the reply speech to sum up the debate comes from the negative first. So affirmative team starts and ends the debate. The reply speeches are 5 minutes each. 


British Parliamentary
In British Parliamentary, the teams are divided into the "government" - affirmative and "opposition" – negative bench. The first two teams, also called the opening half start the debate, the closing half have to extend the debate on a different level. So the teams are called Opening Government or 1st Affirmative, Opening Opposition or 1st Negative, Closing Government, or 2nd Affirmative, and Closing Opposition or 2nd Negative. The debate is started by the 1st speaker of the Opening Government, then from Opening Opposition, until the last speaker. So there are 8 substantial speeches, 7 minutes each. There is no reply speech in this format. 

Australs Parliamantary
This debate has same composition as Asian, but the difference is we can't send our POI to the other team. So we put it on our rebuttals, and that's the debate going. I think this is would make the adjs gone for sleep, since It has no POI.

Signing off~ See ya on the next model.

Case Building

Plan before doing: Like making a blueprint while building a house, in any debate we need to plan before delivering our speech. Then, how important is doing case building? Maybe it can be known by how much money that we need to spend for architects and contractor in any house-building projects.

What are the contents of casebuild?
Everything we need, literally. Case building, you will need to know what you are going to talk about, including your signposts, tipping points and reasons.
Case building will map on key things that we would deliver in a debate, thus making it very important. As important as the debate itself. Now we are going to discuss on key things you need in building your case.

How to write things during case building?

After we know what we are going to talk about and all the details, we are going to wrote keynotes on our papers. Usually, people will write all chronological of their speech to make them easier to keynoting their speech. For example:
THW Execute Corruptors
-       Justification: Corruptors has taken people’s right
o  People guilty for Human Rights Violations do not deserve Human Rights
o  Corruption equals to life
§  Corruptor corrupts the people’s life quality
§  How? They corrupts logistics and standard of construction quality
§  Example: the corruption of food supplies and amount of cement in construction
§  Result: food shortage, inflations, below standard building quality. Thus, degradation ofcitizens’ quality of life
§  Corruptors degrades the job of government as moral agent
-       Detterence
o  Giving fear to all corruptors to die
o  Showing the message on how big the crime corruptor has
o  Example: All countries applying death penalty to corruptors don’t show recent corruption issue: China, Thailand, Belarus, Russia and South Korea

This is an example on what you write in your paper during case building. It would be vary, as you like it. Some people might have to wrote a more detailed notes, while some others might need to write only the general keypoints. It is totally on how you write it. But even you wrote a little amount of handwriting, you still need to contruct, at least in your mind, all features of your speech
Now, here’s some tips and tricks you can use for finding ideas, of course with simple motions to be understood:


Brainstorm is one of the most important to think and seek out possible ideas. One of the way to do brainstorming is to make a word map.
Look at this example:
Motion: Cats makes better pets than dogs
STEP 1 :    starting from one keyword, in this case CAT, think of as many words as possible and write them around the keyword. Now write as many word as you can that relate too those words, whatever comes in mind. Don’t try to organize your thoughts just yet (it would slow you down)
STEP 2 :    look at the word map. Do some of the words listed suggest reasons why a cat would make better pets than dogs? Or vice versa? Write down all the reasons that you think of.
Here are the reasons we found in our example of word map for why “Cats makes better pets than dogs”:
1.   Cats catch mice
2.   Cats are cheaper than dogs
3.   Cats sleeps a lot
4.   Cats have four legs
5.   Cats are cute, dogs don’t
6.   Cats are clean, dogs are dirty
7.   Cats are quiet, dogs are noisy

STEP 3 :    after you have written down many reasons, it is time to prioritize the reasons, that is, to put the reasons in order from the most important to the least important. Here are example of sorted reasons, each person may have various opinion on which is the most important.
1.   Cats are cute, dogs don’t
2.   Cats are clean, dogs are dirty
3.   Cats are quiet, dogs are noisy
4.   Cats are cheaper than dogs
5.   [minor] Cats catch mice
6.   [doesn’t show cats better]Cats have four legs
7.   [contradiction]Cats sleeps a lot

Connecting Dots
During a debate, sometimes people hard to seek for some relevant ideas. Here’s other tips to make it easier. Connecting Dots is similar like Brainstorming, but a bit different, it would help you to organize your issue vs. goal cases more fluently.
Look at this example:

Motion: That Junk Food is not Healthy

STEP 1: Now we start from the keyword “Junk Food” and “Healthy”. Similar like brainstorming, we are going to look for as many words related to those keywords.
STEP 2: Once you are done, look at your word map. You will find out that several of oppositing keywords are correlated. For example in this case “That Junk food is not Healthy” you will have to find words which are contradicts each other (of course when you are dealing with motions like “This House Believe That Democracy is prerequisite of Sustainable Development” you have to find words which are SUPPORTING between ‘Democracy’ and ‘Sustainable Development’).
STEP 3:  Same as Brainstorming, you’ll next will have to written down the relation between those words, make it as your reason and prioritize them. Trust me, it works.

After know several techniques in constructing your case, there are also tricks to keep remind u to make one perfect argument. Perfect as in, it contains one solid idea.

The Swiss Knife: Debating Template
On making the flow of their speech, people usually have their own style. Now we would discuss about how to map one idea into one solid argument.
Usually debaters uses the term AREL to signifies their way of telling one solid argument. This method is called template. They already know points that are going to be told. So, most debaters will do this pattern called AREL:

Speech Organization

Create Your Stories!
Debating is not only about how you tell your arguments and throwing supports. You have to organize it to make others could easily understand your cases. You have to make it a systematic presentation of the cases. Study the construction of this house. What is the resolution? How many points are there?

Know-How: Sign-Posting
In debate, reasons are usually given names to make it easy for debaters to refer to, and for judges to remember. These names are called signpost. A signpost should be short and easy to be remembered. For example:
Soccer is a better sport than baseball
1.       The first point is about simplicity. Soccer is much easier than baseball. Baseball rules takes hour to explain, and you need bat, glove and baseball diamonds to play. Soccer rules are easy, and all you need is only ball and field.
2.       Secondly, about excitement. Soccer is more exciting than baseball. In baseball, 90% of the time the players are just standing around waiting. Soccer has action all the time.
3.       Lastly, about cost. Soccer tickets are much cheaper than baseball tickets. In this city, the price of a ticket to watch a baseball games are 3 times more expensive than the tickets of soccer game.

Know-How: Macro and Micro Organization
In delivering arguments, there are 3 main parts:
Introduction, to introduce the background of your opinion, the points, your arguments and support, lastly, conclusion, the closing of your speech.

DEBATE APPLICATION: Public Speaking Flow
Debate and Public Speaking are identical. Both of them have the same purpose, to convince the audiences (and adjudicators)!
It is really important to make people float off your flow of speech.
Here are several tips of it:
  •       Tidiness and Structure

No, this is not about keeping your boarding house’s room tidy. This is about how being tidy and structured HELPS, like hell, A LOT.
This is a very basic matter, I believe, but everyone keeps on forgetting it for the sake of better logic and argumentation. What I meant by being tidy as a speaker is that you make sure that every argument that you throw out is all ordered, listed, numbered, or whatever your way of making it more understandable for the adjudicators.
A tidiness would lead to an easy-to-follow manner. Now you couldn't really blame those adjudicators for giving her a very high score, right? Lots of adjudicators are really concerned about this, since they don't only listen to you but to the other speakers, making their job in assessing logic hard enough without the additional burden of having to clear up the messy order of your speech. Make your speech flow, not jump, from one point to another..

  •        Truism

Now I know I might get some funny responses when said, "Be truistic", but believe it or not this is what best speakers did. Often as the government, setting things up so it really favors you is not exactly a bad idea after all.
For example, when we are talking about banning cell phones, surely, this is not an easy motion for a government, you can start by saying something BIG, GENERAL and BOLD first, which can not be refutable, “how basically cell phones are the source of violations (e.g: cheating students, porns even when-driving-usage)” now this is actually very philosophy, and further more this thing is almost unrefutable. This called basic premises, an unrebuttable premise which would support your arguments, even it is so controversial to the max!

  • Delivery

This might sound really-really simple but believe me it separates good debaters from great debaters. These people speak with conviction, as if their lives are at stake in fact. Aside from the conviction, they're also flawless in terms of fluency, so none of that "Umm..." or "Err..." anymore. This actually relates back to the first point, in how they have structured their speech in a way that they know exactly what to say and in what order, automatically preventing stuttering from happening. One example of this is how Ateneo practices debate; they practice a motion by first discussing over it, which means they actually already know what exactly the opposing side is going to bring when they debate. This is where they practice delivery and conviction. Flawlessness makes you look cool, but more importantly it makes adjudicators see that you know what you're talking about.